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The PSIA Review

May 1, 2015 Vol. 1, No. 1


Senior Jonathan Chase Strickland Recognized as Army's Top ROTC Cadet
Greathouse and Wilson Receive Grant to Pursue Research
M.A.I.A. Student Cynthia Wood Publishes in UNC Journal
PSIA Students Present Papers at UNG Conference
Alumni Doing Exciting Things in Dahlonega and Southeast Asia
PSIA Students' Academic Achievements are Recognized
Helpful Information About Courses and Curricula for Current Students
PSIA Graduates Go on to Grad School and Law School
PSIA Students Pursuing Internship Opportunities
Library Books: A Tradition Worth Saving
An American Visits China

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Cadet Captain Jonathan Chase Strickland & Governor Nathan Deal Dr. Cristian Harris, Cadet Captain Jonathan Chase Strickland, and Alumni Ben Jarrard speak at the event.

Cadet Capt. Jonathan Chase Strickland, a member of the University of North Georgia (UNG) Corps of Cadets, was honored on March 25, 2015, by Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal and both chambers of the state legislature for his ranking as top Army ROTC cadet in the United States. Chase will graduate in May 2015 from the Department of Political Science and International Affairs with a degree in international affairs with a Middle East concentration. He will commission as a second lieutenant in military intelligence and plans to attend Infantry Basic Officer Leader School in Fort Benning, Ga.

Newsletter editor Maria J. Albo interviewed Chase.

MJA: What made you choose the department of Political Science and International Affairs when deciding on your course of study?

JCS: Originally I planned to transfer to Georgia Tech and become an engineer. However, I realized that engineering was not going to provide me with skills that I needed after graduation. Dr. Jon Miner and my military advisor told me about the benefits of the IA degree to the military specifically related to the need for cross-cultural communication and an understanding of various political systems. I choose the Middle East because that is where our military was focused at the time. The IA major also gave me two opportunities to go abroad and see places that I had never been before. I was excited about the idea of experiencing something completely new.

MJA: What was your favorite part about the IA program?

JCS: The program structure and opportunity to go abroad. The major requires a study-abroad experience and an international internship. I completed the study-abroad program in Turkey with Dr. Miner and a group of other students. Knowing I would be with my classmates gave me the confidence to go abroad and be successful. Dr. Miner was very experienced and knowledgeable about the culture and language. I completed my internship in Rome, Italy, at the NATO Defense War College, which was something that I always knew I wanted to do and, once I knew I had the opportunity to do it through the IA degree, I was very motivated. I also enjoyed experiencing the food and culture in Rome.

MJA: What was your favorite course within the IA major?

JCS: “Comparative Security Theory” (with Dr. Dlynn Armstrong-Williams). The content of the course exposed me to concepts beyond traditional security including human security and economic security, which expanded my understanding of the world as well as put into perspective how large the industry is especially related to private-public partnerships. Also, the intensive writing required in the course helped me a great deal by expanding my writing and research skills by leaps and bounds.

MJA: Why should students consider a major in IA?

JCS: The IA major allows one to open his mind and think creatively by approaching things from various directions. It is amazing what one can do when he researches a topic from a different perspective and find new conclusions. One can take pride in the fact that he was able to deduce something new based on his work.

MJA: How do you plan to be involved with UNG after your graduation?

JCS: I want to be involved with the university after graduation. I hope to provide a small scholarship in the future as I received a number of small scholarships that helped me during my time at UNG and I would love to give back.

Note: Strickland received the MAJ Kitefre Oboho scholarship and the Jeremy Chandler Scholarship during his time at UNG.

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Dr. Craig B. Greathouse, associate department head who has been promoted to the rank of full professor, and Dr. Charles H. “Trey” Wilson III, associate professor of political science, will receive the UNG Presidential Semester Scholar Awards for the fall semester of 2015. The award will relieve them of their teaching responsibilities so that Dr. Greathouse can focus on a research project titled “Strategic Culture, Concept, Theory, and Comparison: Examining the Differences Between the United States and the European Union in Terms of the Use of Force” and Dr. Wilson can focus on his topic, which is “Desegregating Differently in the Deep South: How Two Similar Georgia Women’s Colleges Dissimilarly Broke the Color Barrier.”

Dr. Craig Greathouse

Dr. Greathouse’s project builds on the topic of strategic culture which he began researching in 2007‑2008 with a focus on the United States and the European Union as a security actor. However, it will not be directed only towards looking at strategic culture; it aims to more fully integrate the concept into the neoclassical realist school of thought.

The focus of this project is to address deficiencies in the field of international relations and security studies. Strategic culture has been limited in part because it lacks a clear connection to theory in the field. There have been attempts to link the concept to both constructivism and neoclassical realism. By positioning strategic culture more effectively within neoclassical realism, a researcher can use the concept more effectively. This project builds on and extends the work of scholars like Colin Gray and Alistair Johnston, who form the major fault line in how the concept is used by many in the field. Both view the concept as essential to understanding the strategic choices of states in the system but disagree about how to effectively position the concept. Jeffrey Lantis, Christoph Meyer, and Jeremy Black look at the concept’s usefulness within theory and its usage as a guiding element within security studies. The project directly confronts Lantis and Meyer who argue that strategic culture falls within the constructivist school of thought. The argument that Dr. Greathouse will use is that strategic culture links effectively with neoclassical realism which incorporates domestic and international influences on state decision making. By looking at strategic culture in the manner that Dr. Greathouse plans, this project develops its essential role within the theoretical debate.

Strategic culture (or way of war as used by historians) of specific actors has the capacity to fill an important gap for the disciplines of strategic studies, international relations, foreign policy, and possibly history about how states and other actors within the system make decisions about the use of force. Use of force decisions include when to use force in a specific situation and, secondly, how force will be used. These twin elements about the use of force are important for the discipline and have significant policy ramifications. One of the primary areas of investigation in strategic studies revolves around how and why wars start and how they are conducted. Strategic culture is an important component of that debate. Significant debate is occurring over when and how states, terror groups, and other entities, like the EU, within the system have chosen to use force. While the strategic culture debate is theoretical in nature, its impacts in the real world are keenly felt

Dr. Greathouse’s goal for this project is to address, using a comparison of various actors’ strategic cultures, differences in policy choices and the possible impact in the system. An actor’s strategic culture is the lens which limits the policy options available. Strategic culture defines the boundaries in which actors will consider the use of force and how it is applied within the system. By first developing significant case studies on the current state of U.S. and EU foreign affairs and then through comparison, one may draw conclusions about what impact these various approaches may have going forward. Comparing actions of the United States and EU about Libya in 2011, when both looked at the option of using military force, shows the impact of varying strategic cultures. The policy repercussions of the EU’s inability to use force due to its strategic culture has a tangible impact on the system. By showing policy outcomes which are influenced by strategic culture, this project hopes to expand on the policy tools that are already in place to increase their accuracy. The comparison will be further elaborated given U. S. and EU policy decisions related to Ukraine as well as the Middle East.

Dr. Charles H.

Dr. Wilson will compare the decisions of two women’s colleges in Georgia to admit black students. Agnes Scott College in Atlanta was the first women’s college in the Deep South to desegregate when it admitted black students in 1965. Brenau College (now known as Brenau University) in Gainesville was the last women’s college anywhere in the United States to desegregate when it admitted black students in 1972.

This research project can be regarded as Phase 2 of Dr. Wilson’s examination of women’s colleges. Phase 1 involved his dissertation for his Ph.D. degree in history at the University of Georgia, which he earned in 2008. The dissertation’s title was Refining a Woman’s College: Toward a History of Brenau University, 1878‑2008. After he revised the dissertation, the Teneo Press published Dr. Wilson’s manuscript last December with the title, The History of Brenau University, 1878‑2013: A Study of Student, Faculty, and Staff Negotiation to Shape the Collegiate Experience.

Dr. Wilson plans to spend much of his time during the fall to exploring the contents of the archives of the two universities. He hopes to produce a complete draft of a manuscript during the spring of 2016 and to circulate the draft to publishers so that his second published monograph may result.

Dr. Greathouse explained that, when faculty members have engaged in intensive research and they return to the classroom, the experience will have expanded their information about a subject within the field and they will be able to bring that insight back to their class presentations. Second, a sabbatical of this kind can help faculty members recharge their batteries and come back to the classroom more energized.

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Cyndi Wood

Cynthia J. “Cyndi” Wood, a student in our M.A.I.A. Program, wrote an outstanding paper, “International Crisis: Female Genital Mutilation,” in the “Research Methods for International Affairs,” taught by Dr. Jon Miner.

Cyndi’s paper was accepted for publication in the March 2015 edition of American Diplomacy, published by American Diplomacy Publishers in cooperation with the College of Arts and Sciences of the University of North Carolina—Chapel Hill.

Her paper may be accessed at

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In 1996, Dr. Carl D. Cavalli and Dr. Brian M. Murphy, both NGCSU political-science faculty members, created the Honors Day Academic Conference. Its purpose was to reward and showcase the academic abilities of NGCSU students. The conference is now known as the UNG Annual Research Conference. The 2015 conference‑‑the 20th annual conference‑‑took place from March 30 to April 2 of this year on three campuses of the University of North Georgia. The Department of Political Science and International Affairs was well represented with seven presentations from our students:

● Elizabeth DeWaard: “The Damaging Effects of Gender Roles in The Bell Jar and ‘The Yellow Wallpaper.’”

● Reagan Griggs: “The Evolution of the Image of the First Lady.”

● Graham Sibley: “The Rise of China Through the Lens of Realism.”

● Darrelyn Thomas: “Promoting Women’s Representation through Gender Quotas.”

● Darrelyn Thomas, Reagan Griggs, and Lauren Hill: “Political Participation Among UNG Students.”

● Darrelyn Thomas, Reagan Griggs, and Emily Mastronardo: “The Media’s Impact on Congressional Elections.”

● Zachary Trippe: “Was the Grass Really Greener on the Other Side?”

Elizabeth deserves special congratulations as the runner-up for Best Presentation at the Dahlonega-campus conference.

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Evan Head and Ryan Cooke, 2014 graduates of our IA program, have been backpacking the Banana Pancake Trail across Southeast Asia since early January 2015. The trail includes Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia.

They are posting intermittent updates on their blog, found at . Visit their webpage to read about their fascinating experiences in these fast-changing countries.

Sarah Dunlap, a 2007 political-science graduate, is a clearinghouse of information about the comings and goings of UNG students and alumni. She is an alumni-relations officer in UNG’s Alumni Relations and Annual Giving office. She also serves as the advisor for the Student Alumni Board and the Young Alumni Board. The UNG Alumni Relations office organizes a number of events throughout the year, including Alumni Weekend, Starlight Concert & Fireworks, and UNG Day at Zoo Atlanta. A complete listing of events can be found at

Sarah also invites alumni to send her descriptions of their activities, such as Evan and Ryan’s travels in Southeast Asia, or to arrange for an alumni reunion in their respective areas. To contact Sarah, send an E‑mail message to or call (706) 864‑1547.

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The department’s faculty is proud of all of our students. Of course, some of them distinguish themselves through some form of extra accomplishment, such as earning high grades that result in high GPAs. We are pleased to recognize the following students who earned prestigious awards this semester.

UNG held its Honors Banquet on Tuesday, April _. Dr. Dlynn Armstrong‑Williams, department head, recognized two students with these awards:

● The Frank M. Smith Award for the highest GPA in political science, awarded to John Emory Dooley.

● The David Potter Award for the highest GPA in international affairs, awarded to Jonathan Chase Strickland.

Two other awards presented at the Honors Banquet were:

● Darrelyn Thomas received the Simone de Beauvoir Award, the highest honor granted by the Gender Studies Council annually to the top student project exploring gender scholarship across all disciplines. Darrelyn's paper is titled "Promoting Women's Representation Through Gender Quotas."

● William Tyler Moseley, an M.P.A. student, received the Mary Eliza Hood Award. Three Hood Awards are presented annually to the male and female undergraduates and the graduate student who have received the most points in the determination of eligibility for recognition in Who’s Who Among Students in American Universities & Colleges.

At the April 3 initiation ceremony for the Omicron Delta Kappa leadership honor society, four political-science students were initiated. They are Erica Barker, Scott Jackson, William Tyler Moseley, and Lacie Warren. Political-science student Abigail E. Word has been the president of UNG’s ΟΔΚ “circle” (chapter) this year. Erica will be the circle’s president for 2015‑2016. Political-science professors Beth M. Rauhaus and Barry D. Friedman are the circle’s faculty advisor and faculty secretary, respectively.

Also on April 3, Dr. Charles H. “Trey” Wilson III, faculty advisor of our chapter of the Pi Sigma Alpha political-science honor society, initiated these members:

  • Lindsey Autrey
  • Erica Barker
  • Emily Billingsley
  • Stephanie Bishop
  • Stephen Boykin
  • Jesslyn Chastain
  • Madeline Cornett
  • Ryan Deits
  • Cody Dewald
  • Dillon Daigneault
  • Elizabeth DeWaard
  • John Emory Dooley
  • Reagan Griggs
  • Leland Hansen
  • Nathaniel Harvey
  • Leslie Hebert
  • Timothy Henesy
  • Donald Herron
  • Scott Jackson
  • Raven‑Danielle Journeay
  • Luke Lail
  • Jeremy Martin
  • Caroline Moore
  • William Tyler Moseley
  • Benjamin Perkins
  • William Putt
  • Elise Riquier
  • Patricia Sánchez
  • John Schellman
  • Richard Shannon
  • Austin Terry
  • Jordan Thrun
  • Riley Tidwell
  • Caroline Tulka
  • Lacie Warren
  • Rachel Yarger

We also congratulate Thomas J. "TJ" Carlisle, a December 2014 graduate, who was honored by the Florida City/County Managers Association with the Emerging Leader Award.

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Our current plans of study can be found of the department website.

Please note: The administration is phasing out the old NGCSU or GSC core curriculum. We request that students who are graduating after the spring of 2016 visit their advisors to review their plans of study.

Core Curriculum News

If you have taken BIOL 1010 (“Introductory Biology”), you cannot take BIOL 1101 (“Biology: A Human Perspective”) or BIOL 1107K (or 1108K) to fulfill Area D requirements.

Department Advisement News

POLS 1101 (“American Government”) and 2401 (“Global Issues”) are prerequisites for upper-division courses in the department. Make sure to complete these introductory classes early in your academic career.

POLS 2101 (“Introduction to Political Science”) is a prerequisite for POLS 3600 (“Introduction to Social Science Research Methods”). POLS 3600 and POLS 4470 (“Senior Seminar in Political Science”) are offered only in the spring semester; please plan accordingly.

Advisement is held in the fall and spring semesters approximately 2-3 weeks prior to registration. Please take the time each semester to visit with your advisor and make sure that you are following the correct plan of study. You can view your advisor assignment via Banner or contact Andrew Eade at (706) 864‑1628.

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Congratulations to students who are graduating with their bachelor’s degrees at the end of the current semester and have been accepted to graduate school or law school.

● John Emory Dooley will enter the University of Georgia School of Law this fall.

● Reagan Griggs will enter Georgia State University’s M.A./Ph.D. Program in political science this fall.

● Austin Terry and Darrelyn Thomas will enter the Walter F. George School of Law at Mercer University this fall. The school has awarded each of them a $24,000-per-year scholarship.

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Internship opportunities are a great way for students to explore what kind of career opportunities a political-science degree can prepare them for. During the spring semester, the following students have been serving as interns in government offices and at UNG.

● Sydney B. Allison, an M.P.A. student, has been an intern in the office of Flowery Branch’s city manager, John McHenry, focusing on applications for grants-in-aid.

● Christopher Brian Cole, an M.P.A. student, has been an intern in the UNG Athletics Department, assisting the coach of the men’s basketball team.

● William Harrison Lance has been an intern in the Georgia General Assembly intern program, assigned to the office of Senator Steve Gooch, the Senate majority whip.

● Ben Jarrard, who completed his B.S. degree with an international-affairs concentration in 2013, has been an intern in the office of Governor J. Nathan Deal.

● Destin Murphy has been an intern in the Georgia General Assembly intern program, assigned to the Office of Budget and Fiscal Affairs Oversight.

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By Barry D. Friedman, Ph.D.
Professor of Political Science
UNG – Dahlonega

It is possible, I suppose, that modern university students do not want to be seen in possession of humble, printed library books lest the students’ use of centuries-old technology damage their reputations. I propose to reposition library books as the fruit of exciting modern technology.
Card catalogs were drawers of index cards with each card representing a book in a library. They are thought to have been in use since the 1700s, but were replaced by computers in the 2000s.

When I was a student, every university library had a cabinet containing drawer after drawer in which index cards were stored alphabetically. Each index card identified one book in the library. Library patrons would struggle to find useful books by finding index cards based on the book’s title or its author’s name or a subject entry (e.g., “elections”). The patron would copy call numbers off the index cards, and then hunt down the books on the shelves. Little about the process was glamorous.

Although in 2015 the library book is still humble‑‑no lights, possibly no colors, no moving parts‑‑the process of finding library books involves modern, technology. The State of Georgia has invested a king’s ransom in a powerful online database system known as GALILEO Interconnected Libraries, or GIL. A library patron, like you, can open the GIL Web site and find the electronic equivalent of all the index cards in the library cabinets of all of the libraries of the public colleges and universities in Georgia. As one enters a title or an author’s name or a subject keyword, GIL searches the catalogues of the library of UNG, the University of Georgia, Georgia State University, Georgia Tech, and so on‑‑all of them. If the user logs in with her ID and password, she may order one book after another. The books will arrive on the UNG campus of her choice in about three business days.

Because you paid your tuition, the use of this incredible resource comes at no marginal cost to you.

Most of the political-science books in the state’s university libraries are peer-reviewed, so that you may use them just as you use journal articles (unless your instructor gives you a directive to the contrary). Most students find library books easier to understand than journal articles.

As the quality and coherence of my students’ research papers were declining a few years ago, I was perplexed and struggled to figure out what the problem was. I discovered about four years ago that our political-science students did not know how to use GIL and find library books. I was quite astounded at the concept of college students not knowing how to get library books. Since then, I have helped my students, one at a time, to use GIL. My students’ grades are back to where they used to be.

You may use GIL, too. Whether you are enrolled in one of my courses or not, you are welcome to visit me and I’ll show you how to use it. My office is in Room 317 of Hansford Hall on the Dahlonega campus. You are paying for GIL through your tuition and taxes. Why not use it? No university student should be incapable of accessing library books that are potentially useful for his successful completion of a research project.

Note: More advice about gathering research sources and writing research reports appears on the webpage at

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By Douglas Young, Ph.D.
Professor of Political Science and History

Ed. note: In addition to Dr. Young’s service as an instructor, he is also the advisor for the Politically Incorrect Club, which recently won the "Best Club on the Gainesville Campus" award.

Dr. Douglas Young, Author
China is a vibrant collection of contradictions. Perhaps no nation has navigated such massive change in so short a time as China since the late 1970s. My most recent trip there confirmed what an endlessly fascinating blend of opposites the country boasts: East meets West, ancient meets modern, Third World meets First World, and political communism meets economic capitalism. Yet China has skillfully integrated these contradictions to create its wealthiest, most opportunity-rich society in five thousand years.

My strongest impression was how friendly the Chinese are. They greeted me with unpretentious charm and were always helpful. A Xining airport worker even let me use her personal cell phone to call long distance, and waitresses would offer me a fork.

And how appreciative they were when I, a Westerner, tried to speak their language. Indeed, almost every time I greeted anyone in Mandarin, he would grin and eagerly reply.

The farther from Beijing and Shanghai, the more I was asked to pose for pictures with them, since they see so few foreigners. The first time a pretty girl asked for a photograph, I cynically wondered if she were a pickpocket. But no, she merely typified the remarkably open people I met all over the country. Men referred to their “brother” workers at the office, and I saw females holding hands as a natural gesture of friendship.

There’s enormous reverence for the old. In parks, the elderly sang, played instruments, danced, and exercised together, and there were bus seats reserved for senior citizens who could ride for free.

I was treated well simply because I was an American. At Beijing’s National History Museum, a University of North Georgia colleague was waved to the head of the line, and I was exempted from a security check. A stranger on the street exclaimed to me, “America great!” And I got a guided tour of a major Buddhist monastery, which included meeting the head monk.

China is not politically free. On hotel computers, I was denied access to Facebook and even an obscure libertarian website. Chinese must buy illegal “over the wall” software to access such banned sites.

Seeing me take a picture of a Xining housing protest, police promptly told me to put away the camera, and I avoided getting arrested by making them laugh at my Chinglish. In three trips to China since 2008, I have yet to see a Western news magazine or newspaper, and the only non-state-controlled TV news networks at hotels have been the BBC and CNN. A Beijing buddy had to bribe a satellite company to get forbidden networks at home.

At the National History and Art museums, I saw a clear Marxist narrative with no mention of the Maoist era’s repression (1949-76), mass famine, and the violent Cultural Revolution (1966-76). Even the painting of China’s first astronaut was dominated by an outsized image of President Hu Jintao (the leader at the time) in the center.

State propaganda posters abound, and they are not always subtle. One in a Beijing restaurant showed a government fist smashing any impurities in food. And there was no shortage of security cameras. But, to be fair, we now have more of them than ever here in the U.S., too.
But I also saw many signs of recent liberalization. There were far fewer propaganda posters in 2013 than just before the 2008 Olympics and, on hotel computers, I accessed almost every conservative, anti-communist website I wanted.
Regarding religion: In 2008 there were police vans across from Beijing’s famous East (Catholic) Church on Wangfujing Street. On my last trip, there were none. I witnessed the faithful pray openly inside. In Xining I saw mosques and many Islamic gentlemen wearing white taqiyah caps while Muslim ladies hid their hair with stylishly beautiful hijabs.

At the big Buddhist monastery outside Xining, everyone worshipped freely, and a friend’s corporate boss was a practicing Buddhist. He was still allowed to join the Chinese Communist Party, although the Party is officially atheist and doesn’t tolerate proselytizing.

Socially, in some areas, the Chinese enjoy as much or more freedom than Americans. Despite anti-smoking signs, people smoke almost everywhere, and traffic laws are routinely ignored. On my last trip, I saw more flashy Western outfits worn by young ladies, including some skimpy ones that would have gotten girls arrested in Chairman Mao Zedong’s time.

But pollution is something China’s huge cities have in abundance. On many days Beijing is engulfed in smog. In 2013 I saw more residents donning surgical masks than in 2008 and 2010 combined. Cars are covered in dust, and locals hope for a breeze or rain to bring relief. I never saw the sun or a blue sky in the capital. Now I understand why Chinese students studying at the University of North Georgia in Dahlonega exclaim how bright the sunlight is in America.
Despite record economic growth in this capitalist era (shh: it’s “socialism with Chinese characteristics”), China remains a Third World country. Even off the main streets of big cities, people live in real poverty by Western standards. But “market socialism” has helped enormously.
A huge lesson of my travels is that a nation’s government — especially an unelected regime — is not synonymous with its people. Rather than criticize our differences, I thought we might be grateful for China’s great leaps forward in freedom, engagement with the rest of the world, and prosperity during the post-Mao era. And history reveals that the more people engage with each other through trade, investment, education, and travel, the freer and more developed they become.

My adventures in China have made me appreciate how many wonderful universal human qualities transcend vastly different cultures. Kindness, curiosity, creativity, endurance, strength, optimism, and hope are virtues in abundance all over God’s green globe.

Copyright © 2014 by Douglas Young, reprinted with permission

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May 1, 2015 Vol. 1, No. 1

Department head: Dlynn Armstrong-Williams, Ph.D.
Associate department head: Craig B. Greathouse, Ph.D.

Editor: Maria J. Albo, M.P.A.
Assistant editor: Barry D. Friedman, Ph.D.
Web editor: Andrew D. Eade

Contact information:
Telephone: (706) 864‑1628
Home page: The PSIA Review Homepage

Political Science & International Affairs Homepage

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