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William Balco, Ph.D.

Title: Associate Professor, Anthropology
Anthropology Coordinator, Dahlonega Campus
Phone: 706-867-2881

Office: Barnes Hall, 327, Dahlonega
Areas of Expertise: Anthropology, Archaeology


Dr. Balco’s research explores human culture, social interaction, economy, and industry in the past. The bulk of his research focuses on ancient Mediterranean social interconnectedness, particularly in Sicily.

Consequently, he explores the Iron Age through Medieval periods in western Sicily, focusing on landscape archaeology, the archaeological interpretation of complex social entanglements, changes to material culture as a consequence of social transformation, the transformation of feasting traditions, the archaeological interpretation of identity transformation as examined using the theory of cultural hybridity, the formation of social middle grounds in social entanglement contexts, and pottery production and exchange through compositional analysis.

Courses Taught

  • ANTH1102 – Introduction to Anthropology
  • ANTH2010 – Biological Anthropology
  • ANTH2020 – Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
  • ANTH2030 – Introduction to Archaeology
  • ANTH3103 – Anthropology of Food
  • ANTH4500 – Studies/Regional Archaeology (Mediterranean Archaeology, Mortuary Archaeology, North American Archaeology)
  • ANTH4903 – Anthropological Field Study
  • ANTH4904 – Anthropological Research Training


  • Ph.D., Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2012
  • M.A., Anthropology, Northern Illinois University
  • B.A., History, Northern Illinois University
  • B.A., Anthropology, Northern Illinois University

Research/Special Interests

  • Social transformations
  • Social entanglements
  • Material culture analysis
  • Compositional analysis
  • Social complexity
  • Economic interconnectedness


Balco, W.M., C. Worick, and C. Shaw. Collaborative Archaeology: Bridging the Professional-Avocational Divide. Journal of Community Archaeology and Heritage.

Balco, W.M., M. Riches, K. Spears, and J. Stehlin. Excavations at the Yahoola High Trestle, a Component of 9LU52 (Hand Ditch). Early Georgia.

Balco, W.M. Tri-nodal social entanglements in Iron Age Sicily: material and social transformation. Field Notes: A Journal of Collegiate Anthropology.

Balco, W.M. and M.J. Kolb. Loomweights as material culture indicators: a western Sicilian case study. In SOMA 2008: Proceedings of the XII symposium on Mediterranean archaeology, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, North Cyprus, 5-8 March 2008. H. Oniz, ed. Pp. 177-182.
BAR International Series 1909.

Balco, W.M. Neolithic cultural hybridity: social entanglements and the development of hybrid culture in the western Mediterranean. Field Notes: A Journal of Collegiate Anthropology.

Work Experience

Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of North Georgia, Department of History, Anthropology, and Philosophy – 2015-Present

Visiting Assistant Professor, Northern Illinois University, Department of Anthropology – 2014-2015

Adjunct Lecturer, Oakton Community College, Department of Anthropology – 2013-2014

Adjunct Lecturer, College of Lake County, Department of Anthropology – 2013-2014

Associate Lecturer, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Department of Anthropology – 2011

Associate Lecturer, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, Department of Philosophy, Religious Studies, and Anthropology - 2010

Personal Information

  • Society for American Archaeology – Member
  • European Association of Archaeologists – Member
  • Archaeological Institute of America – Member
  • Southeast Archaeological Conference – Member
  • Midwest Archaeological Conference – Member
  • Society for Georgia Archaeology – Member
  • Georgia Council of Professional Archaeologists – Member
  • Blue Ridge Archaeological Guild – Professional Advisor
  • Wisconsin Archaeological Society – Member
  • Association of Ancient Historians - Member

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