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Civil-Military Symposium

Symposium on “Civil-Military Cooperation and International Collaboration in Cyber Operations”

The University of North Georgia Institute for Leadership and Strategic Studies, in collaboration with the Center for Cyber Operations Education and the College of Arts and Letters, invites academics, graduate and undergraduate students, international cadets from foreign military academies, and cadets from U.S. service academies and other senior military colleges, to present papers or posters addressing this topic at the second annual UNG Security Symposium. Through this symposium, UNG and the ILSS intend to contribute to the scholarly discussion of security and strategic issues in this increasingly complex domain.

Deadline for abstracts for papers or posters is extended to 22 August.


November 7-9, 2017


UNG Dahlonega Campus
Library Technology Center, 
Third Floor


Many of the major threats to U.S. national security are occurring in the cyber domain. In a 2015 Department of Defense article, the former U.S. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Martin Dempsey, noted that civilian infrastructure and businesses “present a significant vulnerability to our nation.” Some of the threats include adversaries that constantly seek “to infiltrate networks and degrade capabilities, disrupt operations, or steal information.” He added that “In cyber, we have competitors, and we have competitors who maybe aren’t as constrained by legal systems and freedoms as we are.”

However, the question of what entity has ultimate responsibility for defending U.S. interests in the cyber domain remains unanswered. The mission of the Department of Defense is to provide military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of our country. The U.S Department of Homeland Security ensures a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards. What is the role of the U.S. Department of State, and how does the U.S. plan to partner with foreign nations? To what extent are other entities, government or commercial, responsible? What is U.S. policy regarding this issue, and is it adequate to the task, now and in the future?  


Major General Stephen G. Fogarty

Chief of Staff of the U.S. Cyber Command

A native of Georgia, MG Fogarty entered active duty as a Military Intelligence (MI) Corps Second Lieutenant in 1983, upon graduation from North Georgia College. His recent assignments include Commanding General, U.S. Army Cyber Center of Excellence and Fort Gordon; Commanding General, Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM); Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence, CJ-2, International Security Assistance Force, Operation Enduring Freedom; Director of Intelligence, J-2, U.S. Central Command; and Director, Joint Intelligence Operations Center, Operation Enduring Freedom.

MG Fogarty served in command assignments as Commander, Long Range Surveillance Detachment, 125th MI Battalion, 25th Infantry Division (Light), Schofield Barracks, Hawaii; Commander, 732d MI Battalion, 115th MI Group, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii; and Commander, 116th MI Brigade, Fort Gordon, Georgia.

MG Fogarty has held key staff assignments as S2, 2/327th Infantry Regiment, Fort Campbell, Kentucky, S-2, 2d Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Lewis, Washington, and Operation Just Cause; Chief, Analysis and Control Element, G-2, later S-3 (Operations), 311th MI Battalion, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), Fort Campbell, Kentucky; S-2, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, Georgia; G-2, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), Fort Campbell, Kentucky; and Chief, Integrated Survey Program, U.S. Special Operations Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida and Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan.

MG Fogarty holds a bachelor of arts degree in history from North Georgia College (now University of North Georgia). He is a graduate of the U.S. Army War College with a master's of science degree in strategic studies. He also holds a master's of science degree in administration from Central Michigan University. His military education also includes the MI Officer Basic and Advanced Courses and the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College.

Bill Smullen

Director of National Security Studies at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs

Bill Smullen was appointed as the Director of National Security Studies at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs in June of 2003. He is also Maxwell’s Senior Fellow in National Security and a member of the faculty of Syracuse University’s S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications as a Professor of Public Relations.

Prior to his appointment at Syracuse University, he was the Chief of Staff to Secretary of State Colin L. Powell and of the U.S. Department of State beginning in January 2001. As principal advisor to the Secretary, he was responsible for monitoring and evaluating the formulation and implementation of departmental policies. He was also involved in the planning and development of concept strategy associated with foreign policy matters.

A professional soldier for 30 years, he retired from the U.S. Army in 1993. His military career included a series of infantry and command and staff assignments at the platoon, company, battalion, brigade and division levels, as well as several public affairs positions including Media Relations Officer at West Point and Chief of Media Relations for the Department of the Army. Overseas Army tours took him to Korea, Panama and twice to Vietnam. His military schooling included the Army’s Command and General Staff College and the Army War College. His military citations include the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star Medal, the Army Meritorious Service Medal, the Air Medal, the Combat Infantryman’s Badge and the Parachutist’s Badge.

His last assignment on active duty was Special Assistant to the eleventh and twelfth Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral William J. Crowe, Jr., and General Colin L. Powell. Upon leaving active duty, he became the Executive Assistant to General Powell, assisting with the writing and promotion of his best-selling autobiography, “My American Journey,” published in 1995. From 1993 to 2001 he had daily responsibility for managing the General’s private office and professional activities. Beginning in 1997 he doubled his responsibilities by becoming the Chief of Staff for America’s Promise—The Alliance for Youth, which General Powell chaired from May 1997 to January 2001.

Among his career accomplishments, he has been elected to Syracuse University’s S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications Hall of Fame, the U.S. Army Public Affairs Hall of Fame, the University of Maine ROTC Hall of Fame, and was chosen as the recipient of the University of Maine 2007 Alumni Career Award, which is the highest honor presented by the University of Maine Alumni Association. He received the 2007 Public Relations Society of America’s Lloyd B. Dennis Distinguished Leadership Award.

He earned a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Business and Economics from the University of Maine in 1962 and a Master of Arts Degree in Public Relations from the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse University in 1974.

An accomplished speaker, he appears before audiences nationwide on subjects of contemporary and topical interest. Featured topics includes those from his book, “Ways and Means for Managing Up,” which was published in 2014 by McGraw-Hill. In addition, he has written two more books: “There’ll Never Be Another Beauregard” published in 2014 and “Prime Time Primer” published in 2016.

Colonel Jeffrey Collins

Director of Air Force CyberWorx

Colonel Jeffrey A. Collins directs Air Force CyberWorx, a new venture comprising a public-private design center at the Air Force Academy focused on cyber capabilities and melding military, academic, and industry expertise with state of the art technology and design thinking to solve operational problems. Before his assignment to CyberWorx, Colonel Collins was the Deputy Director for Air Force Cyberspace Strategy and Policy at the Pentagon and also served as the Director of Staff for the Air Force Chief of Information Dominance and Chief Information Officer.

Colonel Collins is the former Research & Technology Director of the Air Force Command and Control (C2) Battlelab and commanded the 766th and 966th Air Expeditionary Squadrons in Afghanistan. He also previously commanded the 19th Services Squadron, Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas, where he executed all programs promoting unit cohesion, individual and family resiliency, physical fitness and the quality of life for 5,200 military and civilians and 49,000 retirees.

Colonel Collins was commissioned through the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps at Purdue University. He earned graduate and management degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy University, and his Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. He most recently completed the CIO certificate program at the National Defense University, Washington, D.C. He was honored as the Air Force Field Grade Officer of the Year in 2005 by the Air Force’s Warfighter Integration and Chief Information Officer and won the United States Air Forces in Europe’s Leo Marquez Award for outstanding communications-electronics maintenance in 2004.

Leo Scanlon

Deputy Chief Information Security Officer

Leo Scanlon is the HHS Senior Advisor for Healthcare and Public Health (HPH) Sector Cybersecurity and the Deputy Chief Information Security Officer for the Department of Health and Human Services. He serves as chairman of the HHS Cyber Security Working Group, which coordinates cybersecurity collaboration between HHS Operating Divisions and their partners in the private sector. He is the executive sponsor of the HHS Healthcare Cybersecurity Communications and Integration Center (HCCIC). The HCCIC supports cyber threat and indicator sharing across HHS Operating Divisions, DoD and civilian agency partners, and healthcare cybersecurity stakeholders in the intelligence and law enforcement communities, and the National Health Information Sharing and Analysis Center (NHISAC).

Leo has worked at the interagency level as a co-chair of the Identity Credential and Access Management sub-committee of the Information Security and Identify Management Committee (ISIMC), and as a tri-chair of the ISIMC. He is co-chair of the Government Advisory Council of the International Information System Security Certification Consortium (ISC2), and government chair of the ACT-IACT Cybersecurity Community of Interest.

Prior to joining HHS, Leo served as the CISO for the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) from 2005 to 2015. While at NARA, he put in place and matured the agency IT Security Program and the Insider Threat program. He came to federal service from the private sector where he developed cybersecurity programs as a federal contractor and in the telecommunications industry.

Scholars are invited to submit abstracts for papers or posters before August 22, 2017. Abstracts will be evaluated by a UNG review committee and selections will be announced by September 1, 2017. (See the Call for Abstracts tab for more detail.)
Discussion Forum

In order to help facilitate discussion before, during and after the symposium, we will create a discussion forum here.  Please check back as we get closer to the symposium.

If you need closed captioning for this event, please email Keith Antonia or call 706 867-4576 before October 28.
Date Time Event
Nov. 7 (Tuesday) 6:00 p.m. Dinner with presenters, speakers, organizing committee
Nov. 8 (Wednesday) 7:30 a.m. Registration
8:15 a.m. Opening Ceremony
8:30 a.m.  Welcome, administrative remarks and introduce guests and presenters
8:45 a.m.  Speaker
9:15 a.m. Discussion and Q & A
9:30 a.m. Panel Discussion (3-4 panelists) - Theme TBD
10:30 a.m. Discussion and Q & A
10:45 a.m. Break - Poster Sessions
11:00 a.m. Keynote Speaker, Major General Stephen Fogarty, Chief of Staff, U.S. Cyber Command
11:45 a.m. Discussion and Q & A
12:00 p.m. Lunch Break - No Host
1:30 p.m. Panel Discussion (3- 4 panelists) - Theme TBD
2:30 p.m. Discussion and Q & A
2:45 p.m. Break - Poster Sessions
3:00 p.m. Speaker, Leo Scanlon, HHS Senior Advisor for Healthcare and Public Health Sector Cybersecurity
3:30 p.m. Discussion and Q & A
3:45 p.m. Break
4:00 p.m. Speaker, Bill Smullen, Director of National Security Studies at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs
4:30 p.m. Discussion and Q & A
4:45 p.m. Break
6:30 p.m. Symposium Social and Poster Session
8:00 p.m. End of Day One
Nov. 9 (Thursday) 8:00 a.m. Registration
8:45 a.m. Welcome, administrative remarks and introduce guests and presenters
9:00 a.m. Speaker, Colonel Jeffrey Collins, U.S. Air Force Academy, Directory of Air Force CyberWorx
9:30 a.m. Discussion and Q & A
9:45 a.m.  Break - Poster Sessions
10:00 a.m. Panel Discussion (3-4 panelists) - Theme TBD
11:00 a.m. Discussion and Q & A
11:15 a.m. Break
11:30 a.m. Speaker
12:00 p.m. Discussion and Q & A
12:15 p.m. Recognitions
12:30 p.m. Closing Remarks
12:45 p.m. End of Conference
Call for Abstracts

We invite scholars to submit abstracts for papers or posters on topics related to Civil-Military Cooperation and International Collaboration in Cyber Operations. Possible topics include:

  • Identify the entity that has ultimate responsibility for defending U.S. interests in the cyber domain. Is it the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, or other entity, government or commercial?
  • The extent to which the U.S. military should collaborate through training and education with military allies, U.S. government, and private entities in cyber operations.    
  • Determine U.S. policy related to U.S. national security in the cyber domain, including the role of the U.S. Department of State and partnering with foreign nations. Is U.S. policy adequate to the task now and in the future? 
  • Define and identify examples of “hostile acts” or “acts of war” involving engagements in cyberspace. Are cyber engagements acts of war when there is no imminent threat to human life? Are cyber-physical attacks (cyber-based attacks with kinetic effects, like shutting down a power grid, sabotaging traffic lights in a busy city, shutting down hospital systems, opening a dam) that threaten human life considered acts of war? How does the right to self-defense change in cyberspace?
  • The application of the Just War Theory to acts of cyber aggression and cyber espionage. 
  • Attribution (determining who launched an attack) in cyber. How certain must a nation be that an attack came from a particular source before taking retaliatory action? Do cyber attacks from a rogue entity inside a sovereign state justify the use of force (cyber and/or kinetic) against that state?
  • Cyber attacks against U.S. and allied economic interests. Do massive cyber attacks against private sector entities constitute acts of war? What civil-military response/use of force is appropriate to protect the economic security interests of the U.S. and our allies?   

Extended papers from selected abstracts will be published by the University of North Georgia Press in a peer-reviewed and edited Symposium Monograph.

The November 7-9, 2017 Symposium will consist of

  • Panel Presentations (15-20 minute individual papers),
  • Roundtable discussions/Q&A sessions, and
  • Poster Sessions

Submission Guidelines

For Panel Sessions: Please submit abstracts (500 words) and short bio (150 words) by Aug 22, 2017 to and OR and Papers will be a maximum 20 minutes in length. Participants will be notified of acceptance by September 1, 2017

For Poster Sessions: Undergraduate and graduate students and cadets are invited to submit poster proposals (250 words) and short bio (150 words) by Aug 22, 2017 to [see above]. Bios should include Name, Phone, Email, University, Location, and Poster Title. Posters should be 36 inches x 48 inches in landscape or portrait layout orientation. Participants will be notified of acceptance by September 1, 2017

Aug. 2 Close call for abstracts
Aug. 16 Notify authors of abstracts accepted for publication and symposium presentation
Nov. 7 Dinner for speakers, presenters and symposium papers due to the UNG Press
Nov. 8-9 Symposium
Jan. 31 Presenters: Symposium papers due to the UNG Press
Feb. 28 Presenters: Organizing Group editors' single blind peer review reports on completed papers due
March 15 Presenters: Author revisions of papers due
March 30 Presenters: Editorial approval of revisions due
April 16 Presenters: Layout and design due
April 23 Presenters: Proofing notes from authors and editors due
April 30 Presenters:  Final proof due. Send to LS for printing.
May 23 Presenters: Symposium Monograph release digitally and in print
Admin Info

About the Area

The University of North Georgia is located in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Dahlonega, Georgia. Site of the first major gold rush in the United States, UNG is also home to the Army’s 5th Ranger Training Battalion, the mountain phase of the elite Ranger School.

Information about lodging and things to do is at the Dahlonega Chamber of Commerce website.

Where to Park

There are 50 spaces reserved for symposium participants who are not UNG faculty, staff or students in parking lot 49 behind the Library Technology Center. The walk from the parking area to the symposium location on the 3rd floor of the Library Technology Center is about 5 minutes.

historic downtown dahlonega square
UNG dahlonega campus at dusk with mountains in background
historic shopping in old houses in historic downtown dahlonega

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