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Targeting Discretion: A Guide for Command Staff, Frontline Officers, and Students


Casey LaFrance, Ph.D.



Print Version



Dr. Casey LaFrance's Targeting Discretion: A Guide for Command Staff, Frontline Officers, and Students, introduces Dr. Casey LaFrance's his Target Mode which is intended to be utilized when addressing the multifaceted nature of discretion in the police force. The Target Model is designed to be used in practical, real life situations in law enforcement as well as by scholars who wish to analyze which factors influence staff and officers most when implementing discretion. Based on extensive consultations with police agencies paired with the application of the Target Model, Dr. LaFrance wrote Targeting Discretion to help identify and improve communication issues between rank levels in each agency. Complimenting the Target Model, the book offers step-by-step instructions, hypothetical scenarios for critical thinking exercises, and statistical information as useful resources. Whether it is used inside or outside of the classroom, Dr. LaFrance's book is a beneficial resource for individuals seeking a refreshing outlook and study on discretion with the police force.


"Targeting Discretion helps de-mystify the communication disconnect that leads to that disparity, and is a valuable tool in bringing each view closer in line with the other." Israel D. Segers, Assistant Chief, Alto Georgia Police Department "LaFrance delivers a new way to think about discretion. . . managers will find it useful for enhancing communication between rank levels in police organizations."

Paul F. Day, Detective, Virginia Beach, VA Police (Retired)


Read our sample chapter(PDF)


Table of Contents


Chapter 1 : The Evolution of Research on Discretion and the Need for the Target Model

Chapter 2 : Professional vs. Bureaucratic Accountability in Local Law Enforcement Management Decision-Making

Chapter 3 : Visiting the Firing Range: Case Studies Using the “Target Model” of Discretion

Chapter 4 : Do as I Say! Or, Do as I say, Not as I Have Done! County Sheriffs’ Self-Reported Accountability Priorities for Themselves and Their Subordinates (With Jon Day, Chad Ewing, and David Rohall)

Chapter 5 : Using the Target Model of Discretion to Evaluate Intra-Agency Communication: A Guide for Managers and Scholars (With Chad Ewing)

Chapter 6 : Hands-On Tool for Discussion, Team-Building, and Planning



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